Here are the latest supplemental readings for the Cosmos reboot (as usual, cross-posted to Tumbld Thoughts). This post covers episodes 8 ("Sisters of the Sun", I) and 9 ("The Lost Worlds of Planet Earth", II).
I. The Incredible Shape of Sunspots
Plait, P. Black Skies, Smiling At Me. Bad Astronomy blog, April 23 (2014).
Klinkenborg, V. Light Pollution. National Geographic, November (2008).
How to see the Big Dipper, and the famous stars Mizar and Alcor. EarthSky blog, March 24 (2013).
Emergence of a scientific field, in ways that were ahead of its time:
International Year of Astronomy - Annie Jump Cannon. The Museum of Flight.
Stellar Classification System. HyperPhysics.
Payne, C. Stellar Atmospherics. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 38(221), 33. SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS).
Biba, E. Why the government should fund unpopular science. Popular Science, October 4 (2013).
Mann, A. Tatooine Times Two: Amateur Astronomers Find Planet in Four-Star System. Wired Science, October 15 (2012).
Planets with Two Suns Could Grow Black Trees. Space.com, April 18 (2011).
VLT Captures Stunning Stellar Explosion In 3D. RedOrbit, August 4 (2010).
The Great Eruption of Eta Carinae -- One of the Most Massive Stars in the Milky Way. Daily Galaxy blog, February 15 (2012).
Steffens, M. Australia's First Astronomers. Astronomy Basics, ABC Science.
Fuller, R. The Kamilaroi and Euahalayi Emu in the Sky. Australian Indigenous Astronomy blog, March 31 (2014).
Ecology/Energy in Ecosystems. Chapter 14, Ecology. Wikibooks, October 22 (2013).
II. The More Things Change, the More They Are Subject to Uniformitarianism
Here are the supplemental readings for the ninth installment of the Cosmos reboot ("The Lost Worlds of Planet Earth"). A highly-selective (but still excellent) guided tour of the history of life on Earth. Readings are organized by theme.
Hundreds of Billions of _________ (your favorite noun here):
Carboniferous Period. National Geographic.
The Carboniferous. Palaeos.com.
Castro, J. How do fossils form? LiveScience, June 26 (2013).
Permian-Triassic Extinction. PBS Evolution Library (2001).
How the Permian-Triassic Extinction Event Affected Land-Based Animals. The Epoch Times, October 25 (2011).
The Great Dying. Science@NASA (2002).
Oskin, B. Earth's Greatest Killer Finally Caught. LiveScience, December 12 (2013).
Plates, Oceans, and Deep Sea Surprises:
Mars Surface Made of Shifting Plates Like Earth, Study Suggests. Space.com, August 14 (2012).
Oceans Atlas. HRW World Atlas (2006).
Atlantic Ocean Geophysical Map. National Geographic.
Pastore, R. 10 GIFs of Deep-Sea Creatures Encountering a Sub. Popular Science, May 2 (2014).
Villanueva, J.C. Milankovitch Cycle. Universe Today, September 9 (2009).